Myopia also known as “near-sightedness” is when an individual's vision causes them to see clearly at near, but blurry at a distance. This is why it’s termed “near-sighted” because their vision is able to see at near only.
In a normal eye, the light rays are focused right on the retina. In a myopic eye, the light rays are focused in front of the retina. Glasses prescription or contacts will move that light ray to focus on the retina for clarity.
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Why should you care about Myopia?
It’s predicted that by 2050 half of the world’s population will be myopic. Controlling myopia can save your child's vision from future complications.
If you have a high myopic prescription, you also have a longer eyeball length. A longer eyeball length puts your child at risk for eye diseases such as:
- Retinal detachment
- Myopic Macular Degeneration
D.I.Flitcroft Prog Retin Eye Res. 2012 Nov;31(6):622-60. Epub 2012 Jul 4.
These visual complications can be debilitating for your child’s vision. Prevention is key. There are several researched treatments that can slow down and reduce your child's prescription.
How Do You Slow Down Myopia?
Years of research has shown that optometrists can reduce myopia by using pharmaceutical eye drops, therapeutic contact lenses or therapeutic eyeglasses. The mode of action is to focus the light rays in the peripheral (side vision) in front of the retina so it does not signal the eye to grow longer.
How Long is a 'normal' eye?
Just like your child's height, the axial length (eye length) is directly related to the degree of myopia and a target of myopia treatment. Axial length measurement is NOT part of a routine eye examination and can be measured painlessly with specialized equipment to diagnose myopia earlier then ever before and to track your child's response to treatment.
Growth curves with axial length, boys (left) and girls (right), and with the risk of myopia in adulthood (European) (Tideman JWL, Polling JR, Vingerling JR et al. Axial length growth and the risk of developing myopia in European children. Acta Ophthalmol 2018; 96: 301–309)
eyeLABS exclusive diagnostic testing gives precision and accuracy for myopia control. The doctors and staff are highly trained in this emerging field of optometry. We are one of the few myopia clinics in the province to use specialized technology that accurately measures the axial length of the eye, a key measurement in diagnosing and managing myopia. A myopia consultation includes state of the art testing such as corneal topography, cycloplegic refraction and axial length measurements.
Treatment Options By eyeLABS:
- Low dose pharmaceutical eye drops (atropine)
- Daily Disposable Therapeutic Contact Lenses
- Myopia specific glasses
Low dose pharmaceutical eye drops (atropine)
Orthokeratology (Ortho-K) is an effective strategy for addressing myopia. These contact lenses are worn overnight for clear vision the next day. It reshapes the cornea overnight so you can be glasses-free. Think of Ortho-K as “braces” for your eyes. Braces help reshape your teeth so its more straight and Ortho-K lenses reshape your cornea so the light rays can hit your retina.
Ortho-K is not permanent so there is always an option to choose a different treatment option along the way. It currently is one of the best tools for myopia control and slows down myopia at a rate of 50-60%
Daily Disposable Therapeutic Contact Lenses
These contact lenses are worn during the day to reduce the progression of myopia. MiSight contact lenses is a Health Canada approved treatment for myopia control. It focuses the light rays in the peripheral (side vision) in front of the retina so it does not signal the eye to grow longer. It has been studied to slow myopia by 59%.
Myopia specific glasses
There are custom glasses that can alter the light ways to reduce eyeball elongation. HOYA’s DIMS Lens allows for clear straight-ahead vision, but the peripheral is less focused to control the myopia growth. The reduction of myopia in these glasses varies from 30-60%.
Want To Learn More?
If you want more information about myopia control, visit these educational websites:
Download our Myopia Clinic Patient Brochure